and Mouth Disease Threatens Embryo Movements from South Africa.
The article below was released in late August.
Since then, the international regulatory agencies have recognized the
considerable effort South Africa has made to manage the problem and
acknowledges that there is not likely to be a long delay in receiving
approvals for export. - Buckrell
THE dreaded foot and mouth disease has broken out on a pig farm at
Camperdown near Pietermaritzburg. The
outbreak, which has resulted in the death of more than 70 pigs, was
confirmed on Friday night by Brian Weaver, director of veterinary services
in KwaZulu-Natal. He said the occurrence of foot and mouth could have an
immediate and devastating effect on South Africa's agricultural trade.
"This is such an infectious disease that the European Union will
place an embargo on all South African agricultural produce, even wheat and
grain, and trade will not resume again until we have the disease under
Weaver said this is the first confirmed foot and mouth infection in
South Africa (outside of the Kruger National Park) since 1956. He said the
virus definitely came from outside the country. "Suspicion
of the disease was raised on Thursday when the Camperdown farmer
experienced sudden losses of more than 70 pigs. Samples collected on the
farm were immediately dispatched by air to the Institute of Epizootic
Diseases at Onderstepoort, Pretoria. The test results were released this
afternoon, confirming the suspicion of foot and mouth disease."
Weaver added that the farm and the surrounding farms have been placed
under strict quarantine, which involves the movement control of animals in
the area and vehicles and people on the infected farm.
"Further investigations are being conducted by the KZN directorate
of veterinary services in collaboration with the national
directorate." Weaver said it is suspected that the pigs contracted
the infection from swine will illegally obtained from a ship passing
through Durban harbour.
"The virus for foot and mouth disease identified by the laboratory
at Onderstepoort is foreign to South Africa. Further testing will be able
to determine the possible country of origin of the virus."
The outbreak is currently confined to one farm at Camperdown, he
pointed out. "Tentative investigations carried out today indicate no
further spread of the infection, but will only be confirmed after
intensive inspections on all surrounding farms have been completed."
He said farms outside the quarantine area, and the rest of the foot and
mouth disease-free area in KZN and other provinces, will not be affected
by this outbreak. "Farmers in the vicinity of Camperdown are urged to
immediately notify any suspicious symptoms of foot
lesions, lameness or excessive salivation in their livestock to the
veterinary authorities," said Weaver.
The disease affects all cloven-hoofed animals (pigs, cattle, sheep and
goats). "It is one of the most contagious animal diseases and has
major significance in terms of world trade. "The
disease can be transmitted to humans but it is not life-threatening, but
the economic impact can be devastating."
He added that some countries will continue to import agricultural
produce from areas in South Africa that are free of foot and mouth.
"But the EU countries will not import produce until the whole of
South Africa is declared a disease-free zone."
AFRICA MOBILISES SOLDIERS TO FIGHT FOOT AND
October 25, 2000
JOHANNESBURG, -- According to this story, South Africa mobilised
militia and moved soldiers to rural KwaZulu-Natal province on Wednesday
fight a new outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease which threatens the
meat export industry.
John MacDonald, spokesman for the Foot-and-Mouth Disease Control Centre,
cited as saying the current force of around 500 police, military and
civilian officials would be boosted to around 1,500.
The story notes that the emergency upgrade follows Tuesday's news that
disease, absent from South Africa for 44 years until it hit a commercial
herd in mid-September, had broken out in a free-roaming herd owned by
Five cattle in a herd of 34 tested positive on Tuesday, putting more
5,000 animals at risk within an eight-kilometre radius.
MacDonald said the soldiers would ensure there was no movement of dead
live cattle into or out of the new containment area.
He said all the 5,000 cattle at risk would have to be culled.
More than 3,600 cattle, pigs, sheep and goats have already been culled
the disease broke out on a farm near the village of Camperdown, some 40
northwest of Durban.
S. AFRICAN FARMER BREAKS MILK TRANSPORT
BAN IN FOOT-AND-MOUTH ZONE
October 21, 2000
Agence France Presse English
PIETERMARITZBURG, South Africa -- A South African farmer Saturday was,
according to this story, caught breaking a ban on moving milk in a
foot-and-mouth disease quarantine zone in Camperdown in the countryıs
KwaZulu-Natal province where the disease last month killed 70 pigs.
The governmentıs Foot-and-Mouth Disease Control Centre was cited as
farmer was charged with endangering the provinceıs foot-and-mouth
containment programme and will appear in court on Monday, adding that it
the first contravention of the ban on transporting milk that was passed
the 10-kilometre (six-mile) zone in Camperdown, in the east of the
Farmers had up to then been forbidden only to move milk into and out of
zone but the restrictions were tightened after some farmers were seen
transporting milk out of the area.
The centreıs John McDonald was quoted as telling the SAPA news agency
"We have every sympathy for farmers ... but repeated attempts to
regulations are grossly irresponsible."
He said 500 policemen, soldiers, veterinary officials and traffic
were manning roadblocks to enforce the ban in the zone where a new case
foot-and-mouth was detected in a cow last week.